Pain in the joints of the fingers: causes and treatment

Currently, people of different age groups have various diseases of the cardiovascular system, nervous system, rheumatological and bone diseases. Everyone at any age can get sick. But the most common diseases of the musculoskeletal system. These diseases can occur in both the elderly and young people. Small joints are most often affected, such joints include the formations of the hands and feet. For what reasons do the joints of bone structures hurt, what causes pain in the joints of the fingers, and how can it be treated?

The reasons

pain in the joints of the fingers

When a painful sensation occurs in the area of the hand, until a certain time, we do not pay due attention to this, meanwhile, the progression and development of the disease occurs. What diseases can cause pain in the joints of the fingers? The most common diseases of the joints of the bones that can provoke a pain attack:

  • Polyosteoarthritis of the joints of the bones.
  • Arthritis (rheumatoid or psoriatic).
  • Aggravation of gout.
  • Tenosynovitis
  • Rhizarthrosis.
  • Limb injury.
  • Microcirculation disorder.
  • Pathology of nerve endings or spinal column.
  • Delayed treatment of chronic diseases.

Why do the joints of the fingers hurt? Pain in the joints of the fingers with various pathologies has different causes. Let us examine in detail the features of pain in various pathologies.

Osteoarthritis

pain in the joints of the fingers with osteoarthritis

When polyosteoarthritis occurs, pain in the joints of the fingers can appear both in people under 45 years old and in those over 55 years old. With this pathology, a distinctive feature is that when the joints are damaged, Heberden's nodules appear. They are located on the back of the palm, which is also characteristic of the fact that they are formed in the same way (on the right and left hand at the same time in similar localizations).

Nodules can occur on the phalanges of the fingers (most often the defeat of the index and middle fingers). It is at the time of the formation of such a nodule that the patient may feel an unpleasant burning sensation, pain, swelling and redness may occur. First of all, it is necessary to treat the original cause.

Rheumatoid arthritis

rheumatoid arthritis as a cause of pain in the joints of the fingers

With rheumatoid arthritis, the joints of the fingers are sore in 6-7 percent of cases. Diseases can occur in people of different age groups, women are more often sick, and is formed against the background of emotional overstrain, after colds, infections or hypothermia. The disease begins with inflammatory changes, then the affected joint swells a little, the pain worsens when bending the phalanges of the right and left arms. The lesion is usually symmetrical, and other joints, even large ones, can be involved.

The pathology has an inflammatory nature of pain (it increases at night and in the morning, and in the daytime and in the evening, the painful attack subsides slightly). In addition to these symptoms, the patient feels a feeling of weakness, he has a fever, and there may be chills. Therapy should be directed to the treatment of the underlying disease.

Psoriasis

In 5% of cases, pain may appear due to psoriatic arthritis. People between the ages of 20 and 50 are ill who have skin lesions (psoriatic plaques). A peculiarity in the inflammatory process, the disease has axial inflammation (all of its joints hurt on the affected finger). The skin over such a joint has a burgundy color.

Inflammation can affect the joints of the bones of the right or left hand, but very rarely both at once, which indicates its asymmetry.

Gout

the joints of the fingers on the hands hurt

Gout is "to blame" for pain in less than 4% of cases. Most often occurs in men, most often occurs with a lesion of the big toe, then affects other joints. It occurs in the age range from 20 to 50 years. On the hands, the disease develops with a lesion of the thumb (rarely from the little finger), then spreads to other joints, the pain worsens at night, which disrupts the mode and quality of sleep, the thumb acquires a red tint and becomes hot to the touch.

The duration of an acute attack can be up to 12 days, then the pain subsides. Paroxysmal pain syndrome is a feature of this disease.

Trauma

Injuries and dislocations of the limbs play an important role when fingers hurt. If the cartilage tissue is damaged, its gradual regeneration occurs, but complete and identical cartilage will no longer be in any case, it will have a defect of one degree or another. Initially, symptoms may not occur, but gradually the cartilaginous tissue wears out and no longer fully fulfills its functions, which leads to the onset of pain syndrome (pain occurs most early when the little finger is affected).

Other diseases

De Curven's tenosynovitis causes pain syndrome in 2-3% and implies an inflammatory process of the muscle tissue of the thumb. Characterized by the occurrence of pain at the base of the joint, they are spontaneous or provoked by overload, increase with flexion and extension (pain does not occur in the area from the index finger to the little finger).

With rhizarthrosis, the thumb on the hand hurts, a pathology of its articulation occurs, most often it manifests itself in conjunction with polyosteoarthritis, less often on its own. Provoked by a strong constant load. It is difficult to diagnose the disease from de Curwen's tenosynovitis. But with this pathology, a feature is the deformation of the bones of the finger, which is clearly visible on the roentgenogram of the hand.

Treatment

Timely, and most importantly, correctly prescribed treatment will help avoid pain in the later stages of life. Prevention of rheumatologic diseases is an important step in maintaining the same standard of living. But what to do and how to treat the disease if it has arisen or worsened?

Therapeutic methods should act in a complex way, solve several problems and help restore damaged tissue.

First of all, it is necessary to correctly diagnose the cause of the disease, then determine by what method to carry out the treatment (medication or already surgical).

Drug treatment

pills for pain in the joints of the fingers

The most common group of drugs that can reduce or completely stop pain syndrome are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). In addition to the detoxifying effect, they have anti-inflammatory qualities.

The medicinal substance can be applied independently, taking into account the available instructions.

In arthritis, when the joints of the hands hurt, glucocorticosteroid drugs (GCS) are prescribed, this group has an anti-inflammatory effect that immediately stops the pain attack. To enhance the healing and regenerative effect, various oils and creams are used, they will also help relieve pain in a short time.

Physiotherapy methods of treatment and prevention are widespread. The most popular methods are:

  1. Phonophoresis.
  2. Ultra-high-frequency therapy (UHF).
  3. Ultraviolet and infrared irradiation.
  4. Performing gymnastic exercises.
  5. Therapeutic and restorative massage.
  6. Moderate physical activity.

Surgery

surgical treatment of pain in the joints of the fingers

This method is radical and is used in the late and advanced stages of the disease. Surgery is performed using prostheses, replacement of articular surfaces or restoration of blood flow.