How to treat osteochondrosis at home?

Osteochondrosis is a chronic disease of the spine, for the treatment of which, in most cases, conservative methods are used. Surgical treatment is resorted to in the persistent course of the disease, when it is not possible to achieve the effect by other available methods.

massage as a way to treat osteochondrosis

Conservative treatment of osteochondrosis of the spine, in the absence of neurological complications, usually does not require hospitalization of the patient, and can be carried out at home. Home treatment should be prescribed by the attending physician after examining the patient and performing the necessary laboratory and instrumental studies. You can treat osteochondrosis at home using the following methods.

Drug treatment

Prescription of drugs is indicated for exacerbation of the disease. The use of medications is aimed at combating pain syndrome caused by compression of the roots of the spinal nerves and vertebral arteries, as a result of tissue edema or altered elements of the spinal column. Depending on the route of administration of drugs, drug treatment is divided into general and local.

For general treatment, the following groups of drugs are used:

  • Anti-inflammatory. . . Nonsteroidal drugs with a pronounced analgesic effect are administered orally. The daily dose is divided into 3-4 doses. All these drugs must be taken after or during meals and washed down with plenty of fluids due to their pronounced irritating effect on the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract. If the patient has an exacerbation of gastritis or peptic ulcer disease, it is necessary to switch to parenteral administration of NSAIDs.
  • Muscle relaxantsused in combination with diuretics and vasoactive agents. Thus, it is possible to achieve a decrease in muscle hypertonia and a decrease in tissue edema in the area in which the pain is localized. The drugs are used for 5 to 7 days.
  • Sedatives. . . In order to prevent the development of neurotization, which can lead to a pronounced pain syndrome, the appointment of sedatives of herbal origin is shown: herbal teas, tinctures, fees. With prolonged exacerbation, tranquilizers or antidepressants are prescribed.
  • B vitamins. . . Dosage forms are used for oral administration in the form of multivitamin complexes. These drugs improve trophism and contribute to the restoration of structures of the nervous tissue that have suffered as a result of compression. Vitamins B must be taken daily for 2-3 weeks.
  • Chondroprotectors: improve the regeneration of damaged cartilaginous tissue and inhibit degenerative and destructive processes occurring in the intervertebral disc.

Local treatment consists in the use of external drugs in the area where the pain is localized, usually in the projection of the affected segments of the spinal column. The following dosage forms are used:

  • Anti-inflammatory ointments and gels, which contain non-steroidal drugs as an active ingredient. Prescribed in combination with general anti-inflammatory therapy, ointments are rubbed into the skin of the back, lower back or neck 3-4 times a day during an exacerbation of the disease until the pain subsides.
  • Warming balms, rubbing, ointmentscontaining biologically active substances with a moderate irritant effect. The composition of such medicines includes menthol, bee or snake venom, which improve blood circulation, reduce tissue swelling in the focus of pain.
  • Dimexide, besides the fact that in itself it has a good anti-inflammatory effect, it has a strong penetrating effect and is able to deliver other drugs dissolved in it deep into the tissues. It is used in the form of applications or wet-drying dressings, at a dilution of 1: 4. Local anesthetics, hormonal drugs, NSAIDs are added to the Dimexide solution. Usually, after 5-7 applications, a noticeable improvement in well-being occurs.

Physiotherapy

Therapeutic gymnastics is a method of treatment that is necessarily recommended for all patients with osteochondrosis, provided that the patient has no contraindications. During an exacerbation of the disease, any physical exercise is prohibited. The first classes begin only after the pain subsides under the supervision of the instructor. Regular gymnastics helps to strengthen the muscular frame of the spinal column and reduce the load on the intervertebral discs. Systematic physical activity improves blood supply and, as a result, normalizes metabolic processes in problem areas of the spinal column, significantly slowing down the degeneration of intervertebral discs.

Depending on the localization of osteochondrosis, there are different methods of training. The most effective gymnastics for the cervical and lumbar spine. When choosing a set of exercises, it is necessary to take into account the severity of destructive changes in the spine and the initial state of muscle tissue. It is best, before starting independent studies, to get the advice of a qualified exercise therapy specialist.

Massage

Massage in combination with therapeutic exercises is an effective method of treating osteochondrosis. It allows you to significantly reduce the phenomenon of muscle stiffness, increase blood supply in problem areas, and improve the nutrition of the cartilaginous tissue of the spine. Massage can be done only after the exacerbation subsides in the absence of pain syndrome, as well as during remission with a preventive purpose.

At home, you can perform self-massage, which consists in using the basic techniques of therapeutic massage: stroking, squeezing, kneading and rubbing. In addition to self-massage, in which the patient uses his own hands, special assistive devices can be used at home. These can be both the simplest devices - applicators, and complex devices, which are mechanical, vacuum massagers and even mini physiotherapy devices.

Guard mode

It is possible to effectively treat osteochondrosis of the back at home only with constant adherence to a gentle regimen. Moreover, the regimen must be observed both in the acute period of the disease and during remission when there are no complaints. This is due to the fact that in most cases, an exacerbation occurs, precisely, due to non-observance of the correct regimen in everyday life.

The position of the talus, at which the night sleep occurs, is of great importance. The bed must have an orthopedic mattress and a small hard pillow. With osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, a special roller must be placed under the neck in order to achieve the most physiological position of the spinal column and to relax the muscles as much as possible. If possible, avoid prolonged uncomfortable posture while sitting at a table or watching TV. If intense physical activity is coming, especially weight lifting, then it is necessary to use special corsets.