Osteochondrosis of the cervical

Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine caused due to pathological changes in the intervertebral discs. They weaken, become thinner, lose elasticity, ceasing to protect the vertebrae from damage and losing the ability to provide sufficient mobility. The main danger of cervical degenerative disc disease is that the disease affects the nerve endings of the spinal region, causing disturbance of blood supply of the brain.

Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine

Types and classification

There are several stages of degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine:

  • first: the initial changes of the cartilaginous tissue of the intervertebral disc;
  • second: the beginning of the thinning of the disc, reducing the distance between the vertebrae;
  • third: the destruction of the disc, the beginning of the deformation of the spine;
  • fourth: severe deformity of the spine.

Causes

The main cause of cervical degenerative disc disease lies in the structure of the spine in this area. All the vertebrae here are tight to each other and easy shift even at low loads.

Given how mobile cervical spine, it is not surprising that the disease is so widespread.

To provoke disease can:

  • congenital anatomical features (people with a long neck low back pain occurs more often);
  • violation of the absorption of minerals;
  • hormonal abnormalities;
  • the lack of sufficient muscles in the neck and shoulders;
  • lack of exercise;
  • injuries of the cervical;
  • hypothermia;
  • posture;
  • weight.
Osteochondrosis of the spine

Symptoms

  • Often the first symptom of cervical degenerative disc disease acts a headache. It can be very strong, leaking like migraine headaches, accompanied by dizziness and lightheadedness.
  • Characterized by the appearance of spots, dark spots, dimness before the eyes, decreased vision.
  • Pain in the neck in this disease gives in the back of the head, forehead, ears, it is enhanced by changing the position of the head.
  • Often marked by numbness of the hands.
  • There is noise in the ears, hearing loss.
  • It may be incoordination, fainting.

Diagnosis

To identify degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine are:

  • x-rays that determines the state of the vertebrae;
  • a CT scan to detect lesions of the discs;
  • Doppler findings of violations of blood flow;
  • duplex scanning, showing the condition of the vessel.

Treatment

As the ambulance with cervical osteochondrosis necessary painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs. Depending on the strength of the pain syndrome use of local medications (creams and gels), tablets or injections.

Vitamin

Also assigned:

  • vitamin therapy (vitamins);
  • drugs, relieving muscle spasm,
  • chondroprotector;
  • physiotherapy (electrophoresis, paraffin, magnetic therapy, etc.);
  • therapeutic exercises;
  • massage and self-massage.